Ocular rosacea (eyes) varies from patient to patient, just as facial rosacea varies, with no two patients being exactly alike in intensity or degree of loss of sight. Ocular Rosacea or eye rosacea has symptoms of redness, dryness of the eye resulting in a 'gritty feeling' that is most uncomfortable. Ocular rosacea affects roughly 20% of facial rosacea patients. Ocular rosacea can cause a burning sensation of the eyes. Ocular rosacea can look like inflamed or swollen eyelids. The eyes may become red or bloodshot and eye lashes sometimes fall out. Ocular rosacea symptoms can include iritis, conjunctivitis, blepharitis, hypopyoniritis, keratitis and even iridocyclitis.
The ocular rosacea symptoms are not a part of facial rosacea and vice versa. Nor is ocular rosacea in one of the severity stages of facial rosacea. 'Ocular rosacea, eye rosacea, rosacea eyes or ophthalmic rosacea' is totally apart from 'facial skin rosacea'. In addition to the red eyes that often look bloodshot and dry, the red edges of the eyelids sometimes has scales and crust. Some ocular rosacea patients may have a high degree of light sensitivity.
Rosacea keratitis has been difficult for most dermatologists and ophthalmologists to gain the results desired, and sometimes ends unfavorably with the use of steroids which sometimes reduces vision considerable. So avoid those ocular steroid prescriptions. Just say "No Thanks!"
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Ocular rosacea patients sometimes have clogged meibomian glands which produces oil and are located on the eyelid edges. Other ocular rosacea symptoms are styes or chalazion which the patient has a feeling of something in the eye. Also eye infections and eye ulcers tend to occur more often as well as an over growth of bloods vessels in the eye area as can be easily seen by the patient.
Ocular rosacea patients generally are dehydrated and therefore the eye is often likewise dehydrated. So as a starting point, keep well hydrated with the appropriate amount of water for your body size, environment and age and outside activities as well as exercise. The average human body is about 65% water while the eye is 96% water. So start with hydration of your entire body and the facial skin problems and eye rosacea may disappear.
The dry eye syndrome which is symptomatic of ocular rosacea can also be treated with various eye treatments of 'artificial tears' purchased from most pharmacies. Also installing a humidifier in your home and keeping a humidity in the range of 45% to 55% will keep your eyes from drying so very much.
Blepharitis is another symptom of eye rosacea which affects the eyelids with burning, irritation and itchy swollen eyelids that are prone to infections and styes. Good hygiene by cleaning the eyelids is the place to start by washing the eyelids with a mild soap and a warm wash cloth. Always remove all eye makeup as well as mascara at the end of each day. Change your eye makeup container at least once per month as it often becomes contaminated. Women have about 10 times more blepharitis than men because of eye make-up. Bacterial infections should be seen by an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea (pupil and iris tissue)that often becomes infected requiring antibiotics. Keratitis symptoms are very much like other ocular rosacea symptoms with light sensitivity, pain and blurry eye sight. The cause or etiology of keratitis varies with individuals. Sometimes contact lens are worn to long, or poor fitting contact lens causing irritation and inflammation, however, the cause is most often by bacteria, but sometimes a virus or fungus.
Ocular Iritis or Ocular Uveitis always involves the inflamed, swelling of the uveitis or iris which is the middle of your eye. Iritis can affect one or both eyes. The cause of 'iritis or uveitis' varies considerably from eye trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, lupus gout, lyme disease, herpes simplex, and various cancers. The ocular symptoms of iritis or uveitis are red eyes, sensitivity and the symptoms may appear like 'pink eye'.